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Improving social inclusion in debate on REDD+ benefit-sharing in Brazil
To control and reduce deforestation in the Amazon, the Brazilian government created the National REDD+ Strategy (NRS), which has provided a framework to compensate entities protecting the Amazon along a jurisdictional scale (states). In 2015, to support the coordination and implementation of the NRS, the Brazilian Government established the National Commission for Reducing Emissions of Greenhouse Gases from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, Conservation of Forest Carbon Stocks, Sustainable Management of Forests and Increase in Carbon Stocks Forestry - REDD + (CONAREDD). Representing federal, state and municipal governments as well as local and civil society organizations, CONAREDD has worked to advance dialogue and cooperation amongst the various stakeholders and members. However, certain representatives of society, including indigenous people, smallholders, and traditional communities are still not fully included in the REDD+ debates. The process of how and to whom the benefits of Brazil’s NRS can be offered and allocated amongst the stakeholders of the Amazon forest states remains largely undetermined and un-informed.
Therefore, there is the need for a healthy debate about the alternatives for benefit-sharing mechanisms for REDD+ that reflects the interests of different social groups in the Amazon. PROFOR’s program seeks to engage with leaders of the Amazon and representatives of the states and federal governments to debate and devise options on benefit sharing that could support the NRS and the REDD+ initiatives of regional states.
PROFOR’s program will work closely with identified local organizations such as the Amazon Environmental Research Institute (IPAM), a Brazilian NGO that will be leading many of the activities, to conduct the following:
- Report on the current benefit-sharing mechanisms being used or proposed in Brazil;
- Apply PROFOR’s Options Assessment Framework with stakeholders during a series of workshops to obtain recommendation on the benefit-sharing mechanism to be applied to Brazil’s context;
- Develop an interim report based on stakeholder´s opinions derived from the Framework results;
- Conduct a final workshop to discuss the benefit-sharing mechanisms identified;
- Draw a best practice guide to implement the mechanisms identified during the workshops.
IPAM has finalized a report consolidating information on the current context of REDD+ and benefit-sharing mechanisms.
The analysis from this study is important to guide where investment is needed to strengthen the necessary capacities for the implementation of robust benefit sharing mechanisms. An example is the changes in the states' and REDD + contexts, mainly related to the inflow of external financing to the REDD+ Early Movers (REM) projects in both Acre and Mato Grosso.
There is emerging demand to replicate this project in other Amazon states such as Roraima and Maranhão. IPAM was recently selected by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) to elaborate proposals for REDD + Jurisdictional Systems in these two states and there is the opportunity to apply the Options Assessment Framework (OAF) methodology in these areas. Taking this opportunity, IPAM would be in a good position to enhance the OAF methodology and transform it into a protocol that can monitor the advancement of capabilities to implement REDD+ benefit sharing in all states of the Brazilian Amazon.
This activity is ongoing. Findings will be shared on this page when they become available.
Last Updated : 05-05-2019