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Land Use Planning for Enhanced Resilience of Landscapes in Madagascar and Mozambique

CHALLENGE

The widespread use of natural resources and exploitation of forests have left vast areas in Mozambique and Madagascar deforested and degraded. Population growth and climate change are aggravating these challenges. For example, in areas where land is increasingly degraded, crop yields are likely to stagnate or even decline, leading to additional pressure to expand agricultural production into marginal areas to accommodate population’s demands for food. Climate change is likely to further compound the challenge of managing landscapes and sustaining their ability to deliver development benefits in both countries.

There is a need to enhance the countries’ ability to quantify the extent of the status and trend of land degradation (including forest loss) and to estimate the future pressures on land and forests. PROFOR’s program will support the development tools to support integrated decision-making for landscape management across various sectors and levels of government. These tools are expected to help the governments of Madagascar and Mozambique identify an effective mix of interventions to achieve objectives regarding food security, landscapes, and forest sustainability in the face of competing development interests.

APPROACH

The activity consists of two components:

  1. Land degradation baseline: Development of a detailed and up-to-date spatial dataset that will allow the estimation of the capacity of land to deliver the services being assessed (food provisioning, carbon storage, and erosion control), and to improve understanding of the present situation and implications of land and forest degradation. The activity will develop suitable metrics for assessing the extent of land degradation due to both the change of land cover and the use of inadequate management practices on agricultural land.
    • The expected outputs are a land degradation baseline (data and maps), and an interactive spatial data visualization tool
  2. Prototype land planning decision support tool: development of a forward-looking, spatial decision-support tool to assess how selected indicators are likely to change over time in response to exogenous drivers, endogenous responses of socio-economic actors, and policy decisions. The tool will consist of a dynamic land use change analysis platform, organized in different modules. It is intended to capture the interaction between demand for land products (including staple crops and other agriculture products, timber for fuelwood, construction and other uses) and the supply of those products, mediated by local and national markets, and connected through road networks.
    • The expected output is a spatial simulation platform. 

A series of training and dissemination activities will be developed to hand over the full set of data sets and tools to relevant government officials and stakeholders in both countries.

RESULTS

Madagascar

In April 2018, the first technical report, “Land Degradation Baseline,” was delivered and highlights the progress with the development of a land degradation baseline, which consists of an assessment of different aspects of land degradation at a national level, using a combination of remote sensing techniques, and expert opinion.

The PADAP team will use the regional model (LANDSIM-R) to inform the development of its landscape management plans. More specifically, from the hydrological point of view, the tool will help identify the optimal intervention to implement upstream in order to limit negative impacts from erosion for specific locations downstream. This is a very significant achievement: The tool will serve in decision making in the preparation of landscape management plans that could constitute the future of land use planning in Madagascar.

Mozambique

The second technical report, “LAUREL – Land Use Simulation Platform,” was issued in November 2018. It describes the technical approach to take in the development of the LANDSIM platform and presents a further definition of the modeling approach at the conceptual level as well as first simulation results, focusing on reference scenarios (i.e., no policy interventions).

The LANDSIM-P, the land use land cover map, and the land degradation products have been used to assess the impacts of Cyclone Idai and these data sets were used to feed into the PDNA (Post-Disaster Needs Assessment) led by the World Bank on the environment side. The three products have shown that they have potential in a scenario of scarcity of spatial information in the country.

This activity is on-going. Results will be reported as the implementation of this project progresses over time.

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Last Updated : 06-07-2019

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