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Framework for Development and Management of Coastal Forests in Vietnam


Forests along Vietnam’s extensive coastline help promote adaptation and resilience against the impacts of climate change, including by reducing coastal and inland flooding, regulating water flow and quality, stabilizing hillsides, and sequestering carbon. These are all services that have the potential to generate revenue and leverage finance for larger-scale action.

Vietnam’s investments in forest rehabilitation over the last few decades have resulted in increased forest cover and an expanded timber industry. However, a primary focus on aforestation for wood supply has reduced the emphasis on natural forests and the range of ecosystem services that they provide. As a result, forest quality has declined and deforestation has deteriorated many natural coastal defenses, affecting the lives and livelihoods of forest-dependent communities.


PROFOR and the World Bank are supporting the Government of Vietnam in implementing the country’s 2006-2020 Forestry Development Strategy, which envisions the widespread delivery of ecosystem services for sustainable development, livelihoods and growth. To achieve this, there is a need to strengthen the planning, governance and management of forest resources to promote inclusion of local government and communities in forest management.

Specifically, this activity will support the Vietnam Forest Administration (VNFOREST) in developing two sets of guidelines for further policy actions: one guideline on the restoration, conservation and management of coastal forest within selected coastal areas; and another for reviewing the forest types in coastal provinces and the development of appropriate monitoring frameworks


The following draft outputs were developed.

  1. Technical guidelines for integration of aquaculture and agriculture in the coastal forest
  2. Guidelines on criteria for reviewing coastal protection forest planning
  3. Coastal situation assessment for national and coastal provinces

The guidelines for implementing integrated agricultural and aquaculture production in coastal forests will for the first time allow for these activities to be implemented in coastal forest areas. The Guidelines are underpinned by a technical report on models for integrated agricultural and aquaculture production in coastal forests which was developed in collaboration with the Government of Vietnam (at national and provincial levels) and is a government-owned resource. In so doing this project enhanced the technical knowledge and expertise within the government to develop and manage coastal forest.

The guidelines on criteria for reviewing coastal protection forest planning were officially adopted by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development to guide the integration of aquaculture and agriculture in the coastal forest. They increased the government’s capacity to review and classify important coastal forest and coastal areas for protection and contributed to policy dialogues on coastal forest development and resilience in the context of climate change.

Technical work done as part of this project informed the design of the Forest Sector Modernization and Coastal Resilience Enhancement Project developed by the Government of Vietnam. This project, approved for World Bank financing in June 2017, aims to improve coastal forest management in targeted provinces.

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Last Updated : 06-10-2019