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Close-to-Nature Planted Forest (CTNPF)


 â€śClose to Nature” Planted Forests (CTNPFs) have the potential to provide not only environmental but also economic and social benefit in Latin America. At present, little is known about the growth and silvicultural behavior of native species planted in isolation or in combination, nor about the financial, environmental, and social costs and benefits, although this information is crucial for the design of public policies to incentivize planted forests that are more sustainable and resilient. Furthermore, if combined with efficient incentive schemes (Conditional Cash Transfers, CCTs, for example) such programs can have a significant impact on rural poverty. The Secretariat of Planning of Paraguay, which is in charge of the government’s Social Protection Program (Tekoporá; Sembrando Oportunidades), has proposed combining CCTs with forest incentives.

Thus, in order to assure the sustainability and resilience of planted forest, this activity proposes to incorporate the CTNPF approach into Paraguay’s national reforestation plan to safeguard national and global public goods by giving appropriate attention to social and environmental functions in addition to productive and conservation functions.


This activity aims to identify, document, and analyze CTNPFs cases in tropical and subtropical South America in order to inform public policy and investment decisions. The activities expects to have six different outputs:

  • Identify examples of CTNPF in the tropical and subtropical region. In collaboration with the FAO, possible sites will be identified, of which six cases where substantive technical, financial, and economic information is available will be documented and analyzed.
  • Undertake silvicultural, socioeconomic, and financial analysis of six case studies
  • Produce a compilation of the case studies, a comparative analysis, and a policy brief. In collaboration with the FAO/Bank Cooperative Program (CP), the analyzed case studies will be compiled, analyzed, and summarized in a policy brief.
  • Organize a South-South learning and exchange event among policy makers, CTNPF practitioners, experts, planners, private investors, forest policy specialists, and financial decision makers.
  • Streamline CTNPF principles into national afforestation programs and/or establish demonstration CTNPFs in participating partner countrie.
  • Dissemination of findings, targeted at public opinion leaders, policy makers, ministries responsible for planning and forest management, and to training/academic institutions.


This activity is ongoing. Findings will be shared on this page when they become available.

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Last Updated : 05-23-2017