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China: Sustainable Forest Management and Financing


The objective of this activity is to improve the knowledge of the Chinese government on sustainable forest management so that China‚Äôs Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) can be achieved.


Forests rose to prominence in the 2015 Paris Agreement and in many countries‚Äô policies on Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC), including China‚Äôs. Since 2015, the Chinese Government has included in its NDC a commitment to increase its forest stock volume by an estimated 4.5 billion cubic meters by 2030, compared to the 2005 level, and to enhance mechanisms and capacities to reduce climate change risks in forest management. However, China‚Äôs efforts are hampered by a number of challenges, including poor forest quality, low-production plantations with fragile forest ecosystems, unsustainable financing, and weak coordination between sectors. China‚Äôs NDC, therefore, presents an opportunity for the Chinese Government to shift focus from measures that promote bigger acreage to, instead, improve forest quality and enhance the benefits and poverty-reduction that forests bring to forest-dependent populations. However, in order to achieve the goals of China‚Äôs NDC, the Chinese Government must use a different approach in planning and implementation than what was done before.


This activity will review, assess and disseminate best practices from other forestry projects in order to extract replicable forest management models and financing mechanisms to inform China’s efforts. Recommendations will be made to the Chinese government regarding technical models, long-term financing mechanisms, multi-sector coordination for landscape management, and public and private partnerships for forest management. This effort aims to enhance the benefits of forests, including carbon sequestration capacity and tolerance to natural disasters, such as extreme climate, fire, and pest attacks. Specifically, this activity will provide analysis to the following:

  • Close-to-nature forestry management

  • Forest carbon financing

  • Key government ecological afforestation and production operations

  • Technical improvement and investment effectiveness of government programs

  • Financing regimes


This activity is ongoing. To date, the the knowledge generated from this activity has been taken into consideration in developing China's long-term National Forest Management Planning (NFMP), which promotes the mixed species and multifunction forest management. Based on the NFMP, the provincial and county level Forest Management Plans are developing, which will put into operation national-wide.

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Last Updated : 01-11-2019