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A Vision and Strategic Agenda for Mozambique’s National Forest Program


The development objective of this activity is to influence forest policy and decision making in Mozambique. The activity will support the preparation of the country's Forest Sector Agenda 2035, which will outline a set of objectives for forest and land use and economic development of the forest sector, detailing present and future trade-offs, and potential conflicts. Developing the Agenda 2035 will also enable critical input to be provided to the current legal reform taking place in the country, such as the revision of the Forest Policy and Strategy, Forest Law, concessions framework, and the National Forest Program. This activity will rely on an extensive stakeholder engagement process, culminating in a national conference on the Agenda 2035. 


Mozambique is particularly vulnerable to natural disasters, such as droughts and floods; good management and land use decisions are necessary to strengthen the country’s resilience. This is made more difficult by ongoing political, economic, and social changes, including accelerated oil and gas developments, illegal timber trading, high population growth, and increased demand for food and fiber – all of which put the country’s forest resources under stress.  

While Mozambique’s forest sector stakeholders have recognized that the country has plans and aspirations for a more developed forest sector, a shared agenda is lacking. As a result, public resources are wasted, and piecemeal activities are contributing to forest degradation and fragmentation. Therefore, there is a need to build consensus on the short and long-term objectives among all stakeholders, including working towards the climate change goals under the Paris Agreement, and the Sustainable Development Goals.


This activity consists of two tracks:

  • A technical review and synthesis of literature and information

  • Extensive stakeholder engagement

Key outputs will include a Forest Sector Agenda 2035 for Mozambique document, and policy briefs.


This activity is ongoing. A report on lessons learnt, including operational suggestions for future projects was completed, and the final report was delivered in October 2018. A policy note providing a set of recommendations to improve the enabling environment was also completed, and the final report delivered in November 2018. It can be reported that the main takeaways from the technical studies show that, by 2035: 1) wood products demand is going to outstrip domestic supply; and 2) deforestation will increase based on projections of variables such as population growth and road development. Information from the technical studies has equipped the several working groups that have come together to provide inputs to the Agenda 2035 document, which is expected to be ready by April 2019. Engagement with the goverment of Mozambique has been consistent throughout the development of the activity to ensure uptake of the results.

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Last Updated : 06-07-2019