Small and medium forest enterprises (SMFEs) are the norm in most developing countries. They often represent 80-90% of all forest enterprises and more than 50% of formal forest jobs -- plus many more of an informal and seasonal nature. They accrue wealth locally, empower local entrepreneurship, strengthen social networks and engender local social and environmental accountability. But in least developed countries, structures that connect with and support SMFEs and their associations are weak.
Despite the very considerable body of on-farm experience which has been gained in testing agroforestry and other tree-based technologies for their impact on increasing productivity and on rural income generation, investment in agroforestry, tree planting and landscape restoration has been lagging. This activity aimed to shed light on potential private investment opportunities and identify policy, regulatory and institutional constraints that could be lifted to help tap this potential.
In light of Mexico’s changing circumstances and needs, CONAFOR and the World Bank propose to collaborate to redesign the Forest Fund so that it becomes a state-of-the art, best-practice financial mechanism.
Are land-based carbon projects good for local people, biodiversity, and ecosystem services? This PROFOR-supported activity produced a user-friendly Manual on how to conduct cost-effective and credible social and biodiversity impact assessments. Background case studies and toolkits are available on this page.
In assessing the ways in which public expenditures are allocated, two questions are relevant: what is money being spent on, and how well is money being spent? PROFOR financed an effort to develop guidelines for carrying out public expenditure reviews in the forest sector. Credible public expenditure reviews should help policymakers and donors better align forest policy and public spending at a time when carbon finance raises the prospect of increased financial flows.
Chile is one of the most developed countries in the southern hemisphere and relies heavily on its natural resource base for employment and exports. Yet, despite its natural assets and economic prowess, the country is plagued by serious land degradation problems including desertification, accelerated soil erosion, and forest degradation. This activity will provide knowledge to the Chilean Government and other stakeholders on best practices and guidance for restoration of degraded lands through forestry applications suitable for the Chilean context.
PROFOR supported an effort to analyze the forests sector in five countries (Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea (Conakry), Liberia and Sierra Leone) and define elements toward an effective West African forests strategy to ensure conservation and sustainable use of forests, the maintenance of forest ecosystem services, and the fair and equitable allocation of revenues and benefits from forest resources.
PROFOR is supporting a study that will contribute to the debate about the potential and constraints of community forestry approaches to strike a balance between forest management, livelihood enhancement and carbon sequestration in the context of emerging REDD+ architectures.