To meet the needs of 9 billion people by 2050, food production will need to increase by an estimated 60 percent. In reaching this goal however, the world should be careful not to compromise the essential natural resources base (water, soil, and ecosystem services delivered by forests) that are central to improving production. Governments are asking for support to meet growing demands for food and energy, through resilient and sustainable systems. This is a unique opportunity to showcase the potential of Tree-based Ecosystem Approaches (TBEAs) to increase food security, enhance resilience and sequester carbon. Determining how to scale up TBEAs in an inclusive and accelerated manner could increase the impact of donor interventions in this area.